Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Quick Facts

  • When organs of the pelvis bulge through the vagina.

  • Caused by weak pelvic floor muscles.

  • More common as women age and have vaginal births.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse Doctors

What is a Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP)?

A pelvic organ prolapse, or POP, is when the organs of the pelvis bulge into the vagina.  This could include the bladder, uterus, or rectum.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse Causes

POP is caused by the weakening of the muscles that support and hold organs in place.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse Symptoms

  • Fullness or pressure in the pelvis
  • Incontinence (loss of urine)
  • Bulging in the vagina
  • Frequent urination
  • Pain with sex

Pelvic Organ Prolapse Diagnosis

Pelvic organ prolapse is usually diagnosed during a physical exam from your gynecologist.

Risk Factors

  • More pregnancies
  • Obesity
  • Older age
  • Chronic constipation
  • Family history of prolapse


Treatment for pelvic organ prolapse includes:

  • Pelvic floor exercises to strengthen muscles (Kegel exercises)
  • Pessary inserted into the vagina to support the bladder
  • Surgery

Pelvic Organ Prolapse FAQ

Can you prevent POP?

There is less risk if you maintain a healthy body weight and perform Kegel exercises.

Is pelvic organ prolapse dangerous?

The main issues with POP are uncomfortable symptoms. It rarely causes life-threatening complications.

Is pelvic organ prolapse common?

It is a very common condition affecting women.

Can you stop pelvic organ prolapse from worsening?

Kegel exercises are useful to strengthen and prevent worsening prolapse.