Much as the name implies these are medicines or devices to prevent pregnancy. The most common are hormonal pills but there are other options available.
Your doctor can help advise you on the best choice based on your medical history and personal preferences.
Birth Control Types
- Vaginal rings
- Hormonal devices implanted in the arm
- Hormonal and non-hormonal devices implanted in the uterus
- Barrier method including condoms
Birth Control Effectiveness
The least effective are condoms. Implanted devices whether in the arm or the uterus (IUD) are the most effective forms of birth control. This eliminates the need to remember to take a pill daily or change out a patch weekly.
Condoms are not as effective as other methods for pregnancy prevention. However, they are always recommended for safe sex and STD prevent. Condoms are very effective at preventing the spread of diseases including HIV.
Conditions affecting birth control choice
Some women should not take birth control that contains estrogen. These conditions include:
- 1. If you have had blood clots
- 2. If you have had a stroke
- 3. If you have certain types of migraines
- 4. If you are over age 35 and a smoker
- 5. If you have or have had breast cancer
What if I forget a pill?
You should take the pill as soon as you remember. If you are having sex, you should use a backup method for the next week to prevent pregnancy.